“Assume” and “presume” are two commonly used words in the English language. Both words have similar meanings and are often used interchangeably, but they do have subtle differences in usage and connotation.
“Assume” means to take something for granted, to accept or to believe something to be true without proof. When someone assumes something, they are making an educated guess based on the information available to them. For example, “I assume the train will be on time.”
“Presume” means to believe or to suppose that something is true based on limited information. It is often used when the speaker is making an assumption about someone else’s thoughts or intentions. For example, “I presume you’re hungry.”
In both cases, the speaker is making an assumption based on their own interpretation of the situation. However, “presume” carries a slightly more cautious tone than “assume.” When someone presumes something, they are acknowledging that they may not have all the facts, and they are being cautious in their interpretation of the situation.
In conclusion, “assume” and “presume” are similar words that are used to describe the act of making an assumption based on limited information. However, “assume” is used when the speaker is more confident in their interpretation, while “presume” is used when the speaker is being more cautious in their assumptions.